So what, exactly, are ions?
The smallest building blocks of matter are called atoms. Each atom contains electrons, protons, and neutrons. The protons and neutrons make up the nucleus of the atom, while the electrons orbit around the nucleus. Electrons have a negative charge, while protons have a positive charge. Neutrons are neutral, which is neither positive or negative. Since each atom has an equal number of electrons and protons, there is a balance between the positive and negative charges. In other words, atoms have no overall charge. However, when an atom gains or loses an electron, the balance is lost and becomes electrically charged. An electrically charged atom is called an ion. A positive ion is an atom that has lost an electron, while a negative ion is an atom that has gained an electron. If a molecule (a molecule is simply two or more atoms joined together) contains an atom that is electrically charged, then the whole molecule itself is considered to be an ion

How are negative ions created in nature?
Negative ions can be created in the same way that static electricity is produced - through friction. When water passes through the air, friction causes the air molecules to to strip away electrons from the water molecules, thereby creating an abundance of negatively charged ions in the air. Thunderstorms can create ions from the friction caused by heavy clouds moving through the atmosphere. Waterfalls, ocean surf, and rain can create ions from the friction caused by water droplets falling through the air. Even fountains and showers can generate large amounts of negative ions.

How does the Negative Ion Projector™ create ions?
Negative ion generators are essentially machines that produce static electricity without friction or moving parts. The internal circuitry generates a powerful electrostatic field which repels electrons out from the emitter needle into the surrounding air molecules. This creates a tremendous amount of negative ions.

Why does everything around my ionizer get so dusty?
The negative ions electrostatically attach themselves to microscopic particles in the air, which in turn attract other particles. This accumulation process continues until the particles become too heavy to remain in the air. As a result, dust will settle on your floor and furniture much more quickly. This is not necessarily a bad thing if you realize that those particles are no longer in the air that you breathe. You just simply wipe the dust away. It is not a bad idea to use a filtered air purifier inconjuction with your ionizer.

Why do I get zapped everytime I touch the doorknob?

The device does spray a form of electricity into the air, which can cause your body to "charge up" with static electricity. If you have the ionizer running in a small enclosed room, the effect may be even more pronounced. Although this can lead to the possibility of you getting zapped every time you touch a doorknob or other metal object, it is completetly harmless and is no different than shuffling your shoes across the carpet.

Will I get shocked if I touch the emitter needle?
If you do happen to touch the needle while the unit is turned on, you will probably will not get shocked. The needle dissipates the energy rather quickly before it has a chance to shock you. However, running the unit without a needle will cause an electrical charge to build up in the needle socket. If you bring your finger too close to the empty socket, the energy may get discharged into your finger. Although painful, it is only static electricity and will not cause any permanent harm.

Does my ionizer produce ozone?
Negative ion generators that employ needle-point technology produce only trace amounts near the tip of the needle as a by-product of ionization. Because ozone is a short-lived unstable gas, it's not even possible for this scant trace amount of ozone to survive beyond only a few inches away from the needle. The Negative Ion Projector™, no matter how long you leave it running, cannot increase the amount of ozone that's already present in any given room. However, some air purifiers/ionizers that have a built-in ozone generator can produce so much ozone that levels can easily exceed the EPA safety limit of 50 ppb (parts per billion). This can be very hazardous to your health.
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